*Intersting Facts about Ancient Egypt*
Egypt is probably the world’s oldest civilization having emerged from the Nile Valley around 3,100 BC, historically. Located in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula .
Egypt is probably one of the oldest vacation spots. Early Greeks, Romans and others went there just for fun, and to see the wonders of some of mankind’s earliest triumphs. But Egypt is much more than Pyramids and monuments It is also Red sea scuba,diving, hot night spots, luxury hotels and five star restaurants. It is romantic cruises down the Nile on festive river boats,
Over its long history, Egypt has been known by many different names. For example, during the Old Kingdom (2650-2134 B.C.), Egypt was called Kemet or Black Land, which referred to the dark, rich soil of the Nile Valley. It was also called Deshret, or Red Land, which referred to Egypt’s vast deserts. Later, it was known as Hwt-ka-Ptah or “House of the Ka of Ptah.” Ptah was one of Egypt’s earliest gods. The Greeks changed Hwt-ka-ptah to Aegyptus.
Here are some of the funny and interesting Facts about Ancient Egypt you May like to know:-
1- Egyptian History is generally considered to have begun in 3200 B.C. when King Menes (also called Narmer) united the Upper and Lower Kingdoms. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C. and was replaced by Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. Arabs introduced Islam and the Arabic language into Egypt in the seventh century.
2- Egypt’s first pyramid was a step pyramid at Saqqara built by famed Egyptian architect Imhotep for the pharaoh Djoser in 2600 B.C.
3- Egypt’s Nile River is the world’s longest, running 4,135 miles (6,670 km). Ancient Egyptians would measure the depth of the Nile using a “Nilometer.” The English word “Nile” is derived from the Semitic nahal, meaning “river.” Ancient Egyptians called the river iteru, meaning “great river.”
4- Unwrapped, the bandages of an Ancient Egyptian mummy could stretch for 1.6km.
5- Ancient Egyptian women had more rights and privileges than most other women in the ancient world. For example, they could own property, carry out business deals, and initiate divorce. Women from wealthy families could become doctors or priestesses.
6- The Berlin Papyrus (c. 1800 B.C.) contains directions for the oldest known pregnancy test. The test involved wetting cereals with urine. If barley grew, it meant the woman was pregnant with a male child; if the wheat grew, she was pregnant with a girl. If neither grew, the woman would not give birth.
7- All pyramids in Egypt, including those built on the Giza plateau, are situated on the west bank of the River Nile because that is where the sun sets every evening, symbolizing the realm of the dead.
8- The three pyramids in Giza Necropolis are the most famous Egyptian pyramids but in fact, as many as about 140 pyramids in total have been discovered in the area of the Ancient Egypt.
9- The estimates of the number of workers involved in the construction of the pyramids differ significantly but it might have been as many 100,000 people.
10- Ancient Egyptian tomb builders had their own guarded villages. They were well fed and looked after because their work was so important.
11- The Great Pyramid of Giza is estimated to consist of 2,300,000 stone blocks that weigh anywhere between 2 to 30 tons with some blocks weighing over 50 tons.
12- Contrary to popular belief, the pyramids probably were not built by slaves or prisoners but regular paid workers.
13- Because hieroglyphs have no vowels, we will never know for sure how the ancients pronounced their words.
14- The ancient Egyptian civilizations is the first civilizations to invent writing. They also used ink to write and paper called papyrus.
15- Cats were considered sacred animals in Ancient Egypt. related to goddess Bastat.
16- Both Egyptian men and women wore make-up. The eye-paint was usually green (made from copper) or black (made from lead). As well as offering protection from the sun, the Egyptians believed make-up had magical healing powers, too!
17- The National drink was the Beer made from barley,and They used moldy bread to help with infections.
18- The Ancient Egyptians used picture words to write called hieroglyphics. It is a very old form of writing that they starting using as early as 3000 B.C. Hieroglyphics was a very complicated way of writing involving 1000 s of symbols and it is Not a language it is a kind of writing.
19- Papyrus paper was made from a tall reed like plant called Papyrus. The Egyptians would use strips of the inner stem of the plant to make the paper. They would make two layers of strips; one horizontal and the other vertical. Then they would cover it in a linen cloth and apply pressure with a mallet or stones. The strips would bind together over time making a single flat sheet to write on.
20- Because it was so hot in Egypt most people wore white linen clothes. Men wore kilts and women wore a straight dress. Slaves and servants would wear patterned fabrics.